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Types of Carpets

Type of carpets.


Woven carpet is produced on a loom that is very similar to woven cloth, being cut pile. There are numerous different colored yarns being used and the whole process is capable of producing very intricate patterns from designs that are pre-determined. Generally, woven is the highest quality of carpet available.


This type of carpet is produced on a tufting machine by using either a single colored or sometimes a non colored yarn. If non colored is being used, then the carpet will be dyed or printed with a design as a separate process. Carpets that are tufted can either be cut pile, loop pile, or a combination of both. Machines can produce a lot more meters of carpet than weaving, and they are usually at the lower end of the market.


The needlefelt type of carpet is a bit more technologically advanced. They are produced by electrostatic attraction of individual fibers that form a unique carpet with extremely high durability. You can normally find needlefelt carpet in the contract market such as in hotels or other places where there is always going to be a lot of traffic.


The flatweave carpet is created by interlocking warp and weft threads. The types of oriental flatwoven carpet include soumak, plain weave, and tapestry weave. This type is not well known in the North American region, although it is very popular in the orient and Japan.

Hooked rug

This is a simple construction of rug that is handmade by pulling strips of cloth such as wool or cotton through the meshes of a very sturdy fabric. Now, this type of rug is generally known as a handicraft.

Knotted pile

With knotted pile carpets, the structural weft threads will alternate with a supplementary weft that will rise from the surface of the weave at a perpendicular angle.

Cut and loop piles

The cut and loop pile combines both looped and cut fibers. They provide a variety of surface textures for medium durability. Cut and loop carpets are available in either solid or different colors. The several different layers in this carpet can hide dirt and footprints in formal and informal areas.


Saxony consists of tightly twisted cut piles that are heat set straight. They consist of two or more fibers that have been twisted together in a yarn, and they provide a very soft texture for informal as well as formal areas. They will show each and every footprint and even marks from vacuum cleaners.

Textured saxony

Textured carpet is the best selling and it works well in informal areas due to the very soft feel. They are tightly twisted and texture headset for medium durability. They also offer a multi colored look that will hide tracks and footprints.


Both plush and velvet are lightly twisted and offer a uniform color. They are very soft and offer more level than textures. This type of carpet is ideal for formal areas due to it’s luxurious appearance.


Frieze is a highly twisted cut pile type of carpet that is suited for high traffic areas. It has short fibers that will tend to curl in different directions at the surface to hide footprints and vacuum marks.

Level loop pile

The level loop pile is constructed by weaving even loops of yarn into carpet backing at both ends. This type of carpet is durable as well as track resistant, due to the strong loops. Higher loops in the carpet will create a more luxurious look. They are also great because they will prevent dirt from filtering on into the carpet.

Afshar carpet

This carpet is a Persian carpet. As the title of all Persian carpets are based on the name of Iranian cities, two or tribes, the name of this carpet is also based on the name tribe who developed this beautiful and special carpet design.

In this carpet design many rectangular objects arranged in a nice manner which gives a great geometrical look to this carpet like a Bidjar carpet.

These carpet being made in different sizes, mainly up to 5×8 feet. Afshar carpets usually coming in light natural colors like light red and Ivory. The average price of this carpet fit into the range of $6 to $20 per square feet according to quality (Knot density).

The Afshar tribe who started the weaving of this type of Persian carpet lives in Sharah Baban in the northern area of a main Iranian city Kerman. The famous king Nader shah was also belongs to this Afshar tribal of Iran.

Amazing Nain Carpet and Rugs

Actually NAIN is the name of a town in central Iran, near city of Isfahan. Nain carpet is a newer design than other Persian carpets. In 1920 a master weaver HABIBIAN was born in the town Nain in Iran. He started weaving new designed carpet that became very popular in all over the world. Habibian has been passed away in 1995 since then his successor running the production the Nain carpets till now. The carpets produced by master weaver Habibian are very hard to find today. But Due to its popularity Nain design carpets are being made by Iranian, Indian and Pakistani carpet manufacturers.

Nain carpets are very nice carpets having unique beautiful look. In patterned design there will a big floral design in the middle of carpet and around this many small floral design with branched sounded it. Nain carpets are being sold good in European and US market. These carpets are coming in wide size range keeping in view the room sizes from 2×3 to 12×18 feet.

If you are looking for Nain carpet for your floors we recommend you to purchase the Nain carpet manufactured in India or other Asian countries. The reason of my recommendation is that the Nain carpets from Iran (Persia) will very costly for you. Due to popularity and high demand of Persian carpets in the world they charge very high. But the same rug you can buy from Indian manufacturer very prices specially now when worldwide economical slowdown effected manufacturers very badly. There are ready to sale carpets at 20% down so that they can fight with evil economical crisis.

Bakhtiar or Bakhtiari Rugs

Bakhtiari design is also known as the paneled-garden design, which is the most popular and unique variation of the Bakhtiar. The field of the Bakhtiar rug is divided into compartments or panels, containing individual motifs or patterns. Often a set of 3-4 compartments is repeated throughout the field.

Bakhtiars are sometimes made in conjunction with medallions but usually are all-over rugs.

Although named after a region in Iran near Isfahan called Bakhtiari, the designs origins are with a mixed group of nomads and villagers of Luri, Kurdish, Armenian, Turkoman, and other ethnic origins, now settled in South and Central Persia.
As with most hand knotted rugs, the attributes of Bakhtiars vary greatly from carpet to carpet. There are variations in the patterns, quality of the wool, and fineness of knotting.

The dominant colors of the tribal Bakhtiars are red, blues, and greens. These Bakhtiar rugs, as with most tribal rugs, have 100% wool piles on a wool base.

As with all popular designs, workshops in Iran eventually began to make their own sophisticated versions of the Bakhtiar, and as the Moghul rulers spread the art of carpet weaving to the Indian subcontinent, so too did workshops in South Asia.

These Bakhtiar designs can be found in different textures and weaves. For example, pure silk Bakhtiars from Iran can be found with knotting of up to 800 knots per square inch. In addition, weavers in Pakistan make the Bakhtiar designs with wool piles and cotton bases, with up to 400 knots per square inch and with very detailed, intricate patterns.

BIJAR Carpet

Herati and Mina Khani designs are very common in BIJAR Kurdish rugs. You can also find medallion and all-over patterns with multiple borders. BIJAR carpets are counted among the best oriental carpets for everyday use because they are extremely tough and rigid. Modern BIJAR workshop carpets are still of excellent design and construction. BIJAR carpets come in different sizes, especially from about 1 x 1.50m (3′ 3″ x 4’x 11″) upwards. Large pieces of over 12 square meters (51 square feet) are common. Ground colors are harmonious, a product of the blending of subtly shaded patterns. Dark blue and a strong red predominate. Brown and yellow are also used, but green is rare. Some old BIJARs are woven with combinations of light and dark blue.
Texture have a very dense hard pile, cut medium to high, though old and antique finely woven pieces tend to be clipped lower. Warp is of cotton or, less frequently, goat’s wool. Weft is cotton and both warp and weft yarn is tightly spun. In old and antique pieces, warp and weft are of wool. The majority of BIJAR rugs have Turkish knots. However, Persian knotted pieces are also found.

Story of BIJAR

BIJAR is one of the fertile areas of Kurdestan. Its climate is cold and dry in winter and moderate in summer. In the Kurdish language, the willow tree is called ‘Bi’ and an area of such trees is called a ‘Bijar’– the region of willows-so named because of the abundance of willow trees,. Although the small Kurdish town of BIJAR in the province of Kermanshah has hardly ten thousand inhabitants, the high quality of its carpets has gained it an international reputation. Concern for this reputation for high quality led to a clear distinction being made between the products of the BIJAR town workshops and the Tekab-BIJAR, which are woven by an Afshari tribe that settled in the area. BIJAR rugs have a very unique weave that uses the symmetrical Turkish knot and double weft compacted very tightly, thus making them heavy and durable rugs. The characteristic weft technique used in the Kur


The FARAHAN rugs and carpets have been prized for their sturdy construction and their quiet, all-over patterning. The most customary border is the “turtle” (a pair of split arabesques) on a ground of corrosive green that is produced by the use of a copper salt that causes the wool dyed with it to wear more rapidly than the portions dyed with other colors, resulting in a sculptured surface effect. The rugs and carpets from the FARAHAN district are excellent and are world famous. SAROUKis the most renowned product of the region. FARAHAN rugs come in different sizes, but the majority of them are mid-size (4 x 6 to 8 x 10 feet). Most of Farhan Rugs have a dark-blue ground with an endless repeat of the HERATI design in which a diamond lattice peeps through a tangle of rose blossoms and leaves. The coloring may be continuously varied within such a repeat, producing attractive changes in effect. The Farhan made from Soft wool; thin, tight pile. Weavers in FARAHAN use Persian knots. The quality of the carpet depends upon the number of knots, which varies, but averages from around 120 KPSI (30 RAJ) up to 475 KPSI (60 RAJ).


The GABBEH Carpet is an interesting type of carpet. It has extremely simple pattern and all have geometric pattern. Some newer GABBEH have more details such as birds, and human in the pattern. GABBEH was getting very popular in 80’s in Europe and now since the lifting of embargo, you find them in the US Market also. The majorty of GABBEH have simple plain format with one or two small animal on their pattern. The world GABBEH means “unclipped”. GABBEH distinct style of weaving is especially suitable for modern, or contemporary settings. The majority of GABBEH made by tribal people such as QASHQAI around SHIRAZ. The quality of GABBEH are excellent. They are extremely durable. You have to be careful that the mimic Pakistani, Indian, Chines or Turkish ones do not carry the same quality. The GABBEH rugs have different sizes and the majority of them are small size (2×3 to 4×6 feet). Plain khaki, soft green, light blue are the main colors of Gabe. You can find other newer color such as red and yellow or ivory. Gabe rugs have Very Thick, heavy, Soft wool, lose piles. Warps and wefts in Gabe are wool. GABBEH are usually flat-woven.

Heriz Carpets

Heriz carpets range from the coarse thick rugs with a heavy handle to the finer rugs with a softer handle. Most of them have a large single medallion in the center that has eight edges. They vary in sizes to a large extent. Light red, brown and sky blue are the primary colors where blue is used for contrast and contours. Brown, beige and turquoise shades indicate antique pieces.

They primarily have a geometric pattern outlook complimented with flowers, twines and vases. They are typically furnishing carpets rather than art carpets even though they do not in any way compromise the art part. It is the massive size that sets them aside as furnishings only. They are a little square than other Persian carpets.

Wraps of Heriz carpets are always cotton but the weft may be wool. The pile is always woolen and is soft with a medium thickness. The knots are Turkish type with a tight texture. It has a sturdy construction with a thick, hardy weaving wool. The yarn is dyed with vegetable colors


The ISFAHAN rugs and carpets are very symmetrical and balanced and usually have a single medallion surrounded with whorls (vines) and palmettos. ISFAHAN rugs and carpets are usually of excellent quality. The most famous master weaver in ISFAHAN is Seirafian. There are many FAKE SEIRAFIAN signed rugs and carpets. Be careful! The ISFAHAN carpets have different sizes, but the majority of them are mid-size (4 x 6 to 8 x 10 feet). You can also find large rugs up to 10 x 18 feet. ISFAHAN rugs and carpets usually have ivory backgrounds with blue, rose, and indigo motifs. ISFAHAN made from Soft wool; very tight pile Warp is mostly silk; weft is either cotton, wool, or silk. The majority of master workshop Isfahan rugs have silk warp. You can find cotton warp in older Isfahan rugs. Weavers in ISFAHAN use Persian knots. You should check the back of the carpet because the quality of the carpet depends upon the number of knots, which varies, but averages from around 120 KPSI (30 RAJ) up to 842 KPSI (80 RAJ).

KASHAN carpets

The KASHAN carpets and rugs have the greatest curvature and visibility among those of the cities in central of IRAN. They all have similar patterns–a single medallion in the center and Persian floral motifs, including arabesques and flower-stems, palmettos, rosettes, blossom and leaf motifs, forming one of the densest patterns. The KASHAN rugs and carpets are of excellent quality. Older ones (before 1945) are very good, but some of the newer ones are not as good. They sometimes have lower KPSI and they are chemically dyed. On the other hand, if you are a wise buyer, you can find a great deal. KASHAN rugs and carpets are one of the finest looking carpets in IRAN and the world. KASHAN carpets come in different sizes, but the majority of them are mid-size (4 x 6 to 8 x 10 feet). You can also find large rugs up to 0 x 18 feet. The kashan carpets being made in Ivory, light green and red predominate. Other colors such as soft green and blue are found in newer carpets. Kashan rugs and carpets have soft wool and a thin, tight pile. The foundation (warp and weft) of the rug is cotton, except in very fine pieces where it is pure silk. KASHAN rugs and carpets have Persian knots, The weave is fine to exceptionally fine. The quality of the carpet depends upon the number of knots, which varies, but averages from around 120 KPSI (30 RAJ) up to 842 KPSI (80 RAJ).

LURI Carpet

The Carpets made in LURI (LORI) have nomadic and geometric patterns. They are very durable and long-lasting. The Quality of LURI (LORI) carpets are of excellent. The Size and Shapes of LURI (LORI) rugs are usually mid-size (4 x 6 to 8 x 10 feet). The Colors are Dark red, blue and orange are the major colors of LURI (LORI) rugs and carpets with the Soft wool; thin, tight pile texture. Warp is mostly cotton; weft is wool. Weavers in LURESTAN create flat-woven rugs. The price of LURI (LORI) rugs are among the finest quality tribal rugs, so expect to pay $5-$15 Per Square Foot (PSF) for a carpet from LURESTAN.


The KERMAN have been appreciated by western collectors for many years. They are particularly famous for having a single medallion with an arabesque form called ESKI-KERMAN. There are, however, many different designs in KERMAN carpets and rugs. Another common famous design is the “Tree of Life.” KERMAN carpets and rugs are of very high quality, just as TABRIZ and ISFAHAN. KERMAN is famous for producing large-size carpets (10 x 18 feet), but you will be able to find smaller sizes, also. The reds and blues in KERMAN rugs and carpets are lighter in comparison with carpets and rugs made in other cities in IRAN. Texture of Kerman have thin wool, very well textured pile . Warp is cotton; pile is wool. Rugs and Carpets from KERMAN have very tight foundations and the knots are Persian. The quality of the carpet depends upon the number of knots, which varies, but averages from around 120 KPSI (30 RAJ) up to 842 KPSI (80 RAJ).

MAHAL Carpets

MAHAL (MAHALLAT) rugs and carpets are found with both tribal and curvilinear motifs. This attribute derives from the unique position of the city of MAHALLAT, which is between the cities of ARAK and Delijan, on the path of the tribal people of southern IRAN. The quality of MAHAL rugs is average. Even though they have loose knots, the structure is strong. MAHAL (MAHALLAT) rugs and carpets come in different sizes, but the majority of them are mid-size (4 x 6 to 8 x 10 feet). You can also find large rugs up to 10 x 18 feet. Dark red and khaki are the main colors and the majority of the borders are blue. Mahal carpets use to Very soft and lustrous wool; thin, tight pile; double weft. Warp is mostly cotton; weft is either cotton or wool. Weaver in MAHALLAT use both Turkish and Persian knots. You should check the back of carpet because the quality of the carpet depends upon the number of knots, which varies, but averages around 120 KPSI (30 RAJ).

MASHAD Carpets

Mashad rugs and carpets are mostly curvilinear with a single central medallion, corner floral designs, and very busy curvilinear floral motifs in the background. Mashad is known for producing some of the best wool in IRAN. Mashad rugs and carpets are very high quality and are among the best looking carpets in IRAN and the world. Mashad rugs and carpets come in different sizes, but the majority of them are large (10 x 18 feet). The Dark red, blue, and khaki are the main colors in MASHAD carpets. Warp use in Mashas carpet is mostly cotton; weft is either cotton or wool. Weavers in MASHAD use Persian knots. You should check the back of the carpet because the quality of the rug depends upon the number of knots, which varies, but averages from around 120 KPSI (30 RAJ) up to 475 KPSI (60 RAJ).

Oushak Carpets

Ushak a small town in Anatolia, Turkey is the place where Oushak carpets are being made since 15th century. They have high decorative value and unlike other Turkish carpets, they are highly influenced by the Persian styles. In the 15th century for the fist time the carpets were made with a commercial purpose. Before this, carpets were a utility product for the nomadic tribes.

The specialty of oushak rugs are that designing and weaving are considered two different works. They are made from the best Turkish wool colored by natural dyes. These capets had access to the international market. And found a respectable place for themselves in the Ottoman Palaces. They are 100% wool carpets still much in demand in the European markets.


The SAROUK (SARUQ) rugs and carpets are characterized by both curvilinear and geometric patterns and come in both traditional and American styles. The traditional designs consist of Herati, boteh, or gul hannai motifs in either an all-over or medallion layout. The medallion layout could have a hexagonal, oval, diamond, round, or angular floral shape. The most interesting traditional design is a medallion-and-corner layout which consists of geometric yet very naturalistic floral motifs. SAROUK (SARUQ) rugs and carpets are very famous, however, it is not easy to determine true SAROUKs (SARUQs) from those of neighboring villages and cities. SAROUK (SARUQ) rugs and carpets are of excellent quality. Antique (1900) SAROUK (SARUQ) rugs and carpets are of extremely high quality and are being collected by museums and private collectors. After WWII, the quality SAROUK (SARUQ) rugs and carpets dropped for a brief period. Now carpets some of which are of the very highest quality are being exported all over the world, and especially to Europe and America. SAROUK (SARUQ) rugs and carpets come in different sizes, but the majority of them are mid-size (4 x 6 to 8 x 10 feet). The main colors used in the traditional designs are red, blue, burnt orange, ocher, and champagne. The main colors used in American SAROUK (SARUQ) rugs and carpets are rich reds and blues. Sometimes the motifs are outlined with a lighter red, light yellow, or turquoise to create contrast between the background and the motifs, especially in the case of open field designs. An intense salmon pink called dughi pink is typical of American Saruks; this color is obtained by adding yogurt or curdled milk to the dye mixture. Other colors such as soft green, blue, and brown are found in newer carpets. SAROUK (SARUQ) rugs and carpets are made from excellent wool, cut medium high to high. Older pieces are often hard, woven in lustrous top quality wool, KORK (baby lamb’s wool), and cut very short to short.


SOUMAK is a comparatively rare type of KELIM, deriving its name from the old town of SHEMAKJA (Republic of Azerbaijan). SOUMAK is NOT a KELIM. However, both have flat-woven style. SOUMAK has embroidered and its embroidery threads are not cut off at the back. SOUMAK has a shaggy, erratic collection of loose ends or strands of wool. The wefts strands (serving a decorative role rather than the structural role of knotted carpets) are threaded through a number of warp strands and then looped back.
All SOUMAK have geometric pattern with many tribal motifs all around. Usually the motifs are small birds. SOUMAK’s are excellent with contemporary, traditional and modern decors.

The quality of SOUMAK is excellent. SOUMAK is better known in western countries than IRAN. SOUMAKs are proper choice for high traffic area. The ones have silk are excellent choice as decorative rug.The SOUMAKs have different size and majority of them are small size (2×3 feet) and mid size (4×6 feet). It is hard to find SOUMAK in large size (8×10 feet).Dark red, pink, khaki, soft green, blue, dark green, light blue, ivory, brown, rust, and orange are the majority color texture. Soft wool, thin and in the case of silk ones have extremely smooth and shiny texture. Warps are mostly wool or silk, wefts either cotton,wool or silk. The ends of the fibers are usually left loosely on the back. SOUMAK dose NOT have any knots like other rugs and carpets. SOUMAK are flat- woven. There are many different grades of SOUMAK made in this region, ranging from medium to fine. SOUMAK are very valuable specially ones with SILK. Expect to pay $3-$6 Per Square Feet


TABRIZ rugs and carpets usually have curvilinear patterns. I should also mention that you find some tribal patterns made in surrounding villages that are sold as TABRIZ.

The quality of TABRIZ rugs and carpets varies. The older ones (before 1945) are very good, but some of the newer TABRIZ rugs and carpets have a lower number of Knots Per Square Inch (KPSI) and they are chemically rather than vegetable dyed. TABRIZ rugs and carpets are highly prized because they are one of the best-looking carpets in IRAN and the world.

TABRIZ rugs and carpets come in different sizes. The majority of them are mi-size (4×6 to 8×10 feet). You can also find large rugs up to 10 x 18 feet.

Colors are Dark red and powerful blue colors predominate, with ivory forming a beautiful contrast. Other colors such as soft green and blue and brown are found in newer carpets.

Texture are Soft wool; thin, tight pile.

Foundation: Warps is mostly cotton; wefts is either cotton or wool.

Inspection of the back of the carpet is important because the weavers in TABRIZ use both Turkish and Persian knots knots. The quality of the carpet depends upon the number of knots, which varies, but averages from around 120 KPSI (30 RAJ) up to 842 KPSI (80 RAJ).


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